- rdf(?Subject, ?Predicate, ?Object) is nondet
- Elementary query for triples. Subject and Predicate are atoms
representing the fully qualified URL of the resource. Object is
either an atom representing a resource or
literal(Value)if the object is a literal value. If a value of the form NameSpaceID:LocalName is provided it is expanded to a ground atom using expand_goal/2. This implies you can use this construct in compiled code without paying a performance penalty. Literal values take one of the following forms:
- If the value is a simple atom it is the textual representation of a string literal without explicit type or language qualifier.
- lang(LangID, Atom)
- Atom represents the text of a string literal qualified with the given language.
- type(TypeID, Value)
- Used for attributes qualified using the
rdf:datatypeTypeID. The Value is either the textual representation or a natural Prolog representation. See the option convert_typed_literal(:Convertor) of the parser. The storage layer provides efficient handling of atoms, integers (64-bit) and floats (native C-doubles). All other data is represented as a Prolog record.
For literal querying purposes, Object can be of the form
literal(+Query, -Value), where Query is one of the terms below.
- Perform exact match and demand the language or type qualifiers to match. This query is fully indexed.
- Perform exact, but case-insensitive match. This query is fully indexed.
- Match any literal that contains Text as a case-insensitive substring. The query is not indexed on Object.
- Match any literal that contains Text delimited by a non alpha-numeric character, the start or end of the string. The query is not indexed on Object.
- Match any literal that starts with Text. This call is intended for completion. The query is indexed using the skip list of literals.
- Match any literal that is equal or larger then Literal in the ordered set of literals.
- Match any literal that is equal or smaller then Literal in the ordered set of literals.
- between(+Literal1, +Literal2)
- Match any literal that is between Literal1 and Literal2 in the ordered set of literals. This may include both Literal1 and Literal2.
- Match any literal that matches Pattern case insensitively, where the `*' character in Pattern matches zero or more characters.
Backtracking never returns duplicate triples. Duplicates can be retrieved using rdf/4. The predicate rdf/3 raises a type-error if called with improper arguments. If rdf/3 is called with a term
literal(_)as Subject or Predicate object it fails silently. This allows for graph matching goals like
rdf(O,P2,O2)to proceed without errors.